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Survival guides (16)

Some Say It Can’t Happen Here. But Many Never Believed a Pandemic Would Happen Either.

Civil disobedience is actually a sign of a functioning democratic society. Thoreau outlined civil disobedience in Walden Pond as a necessary right when expressed through passive resistance. Both Gandhi and Martin Luther King espoused passive resistance as a way to protest without causing damage or harm to others.

Unfortunately, the right to free speech and to assemble in public to protest is not always governed by the calm and sound thinking of Thoreau. 

From Civil Disobedience to Civil Unrest

The benchmark for civil unrest usually occurs when a protest staged by a large gathering of people goes from free speech to violent action. What motivates that action is proportional to the reason for the protest. A protest against higher local taxes does not spark the level of outrage that would lead to damage or violence. 

However, highly charged and emotional issues driven by religion, politics, injustice, or discrimination carry an emotional charge that has resulted in civil unrest defined by riots, looting, vandalism, and violence. They’ve happened everywhere around the world for thousands of years. 

Are We Approaching a Perfect Storm of Civil Unrest?

The Coronavirus pandemic has put unprecedented stress on global economies, governments, businesses, and the general population. It has brought a combination of fear, uncertainty, helplessness, and anger that rarely occurs in a single country, let alone every country and culture on the planet. 

The standard recommendation for coping with the pandemic includes quarantines, business lockdowns, widespread testing, social distancing, and a continuing struggle to find treatments and a vaccine. As these measures continue day after day, week after week, and month after month, the stress level and frustration continue to grow. 

Already, demonstrations against lockdowns and protests against rules perceived as draconian by some are being challenged, ignored, and denied. In some instances, people have shown up to demonstrate bearing weapons under the protection of open carry laws. 

As the demonstrations grow, it’s only a matter of time before a weapon is accidentally discharged, or an individual decides to inflame the situation. But weapons aren’t necessary to spark a riot. A single broken window or a fire in the street has been the catalyst for massive mob riots from England in 2011 to the riots that tore up the United States in the 1960s. 

When Authority Fails

Police departments have specially formed and trained riot squads to deal with civil unrest. But there’s a problem that has become apparent from the past. The police are there to break up the riot and potentially arrest violent protesters. They are in some cases not there to protect individuals from harm nor protect property from damage. 

The military also has specialized units and training to deal with civil unrest and their rules of engagement are just as narrowly focused. 

Just as daunting are the occasions when the police have stepped back and not engaged with rioters. The strategy is to not inflame the situation but control it by limiting the violence to a defined area. And that’s when authority can fail. 

If you happen to be in that defined area, you are not only subject to any violence that ensues, but the police are not there to protect you. In fact, it may be assumed you are part of the problem and you can quickly find you are very much on your own. 

In actual fact, the failure of authority, whether it’s defined by the police, the government, or any other governing body is another catalyst for frustration and anger further fueling civil unrest and the perfect storm continues.

Steps to Take to Protect Yourself and Your Family

When confronted with a failure of government and governing bodies and a police force that is focused more on quelling disturbances than providing personal protection, it seems apparent that some steps should be considered to protect yourself and especially your family. 

The degree of preparation should be equal to the situation, but that’s almost impossible to determine. Some periods of civil unrest last for days or a couple of weeks. In other instances, civil unrest has devolved into civil war. 

Your degree of preparation is your personal choice. Your location may be another factor as well. Historically, urban environments have been more dangerous thanrural environments during times of civil unrest. 

Based on numerous resources cited or linked, here are ten recommendations that have evolved based on past precedents with civil unrest. There are definitely more, and situations vary but we have to start somewhere. 

1. Stay Home

Ironically, we all have a good deal of practice with this behavior. Some of us who have had a prepping mindset for some time are well stocked and know how to manage this style of living. Others are somewhat prepared and are probably starting to realize that more stocking and preparation would be a good idea. 

Still, others are encountering this kind of situation unprepared for the long-term and this may indicate the reason for some of the hoarding and runs on common things like toilet paper and bread. 

Regardless of your level of preparation, now is still a good time to take an inventory and think not only about how long the pandemic will keep us homebound, but how civil unrest may keep us home for an entirely different set of reasons. 

Here are some things to remember with regards to staying home for the long-term.

·      Food – You can still go to the grocery store, and online retailers like Amazon are still offering and delivering just about anything you could need. Take the time to determine what and how much you should have stocked and stored in terms of food.

·      Medicine – OTC medicines for treating all manner of symptoms are important to have on hand. Pharmacies are still open, and it’s easy to order OTC medicines online. Stock up. Civil unrest can cause stores like pharmacies to close and remain closed even though they are essential services. If you rely on prescription medications for a chronic condition, ask your doctor for a 90-day refill and look into receiving your prescriptions by U.S. Mail. 

·      Medical Supplies should also be stocked, and you might want to think about how you would manage a serious medical emergency at home in the event that you can’t get to a hospital. 

·      Personal Care – From brushing your teeth to doing the laundry, walk around the house and think about what you need in order to take care of your family, and make sure you have enough on hand. An inexpensive hair trimmer might be a good idea, and a lot of us have already figured that out. A family meeting to discuss what everyone needs may be a good place to start. 

·      Clothing stores and even the clothing sections of department stores were the first to close during the lockdowns. Think about sewing kits, fabric, and other things you may need to repair and maintain clothing. Here again, you can still shop online with other retailers, and there may not be a lot of delivery trucks showing up during a lengthy period of civil unrest.  

·      Off The Grid? An area that loses power for a prolonged period during a time of civil unrest is officially in a state of SHTF. Whole books have been written about surviving off the grid, and you should definitely give some thought to how you would handle things if the power went out. 

What About a Bug Out?

·      If you have a well-supplied bug out location in an area that is not affected or as affected by civil unrest, you should definitely pursue that option. The key is to get there before civil unrest occurs or at least spreads. Stranded on a highway blocked by rioters and gangs is a bad place to be. 

·      Leave quietly and only tell immediate and trusted family members who are not accompanying you that you are bugging out. 


2. Know What’s Going On

The Internet, TV, and radio are critical sources of information. Radio may be the best source for local information and alerts. The same is true for local TV and any local newspapers that have an Internet presence. It’s important to stay up to date on the status of events, especially if you need to travel for any reason to help a friend or family member or take someone to the hospital. 

National and global news may give a good indication of the current state of events but rarely offer real-world, real-time information regarding the immediate area where you live. It doesn’t matter what’s happening in Germany, you need to know what’s happening in your city and neighborhood. 

Here are some things to watch for as you assess any situation surrounded by civil unrest:

·      Are specific alerts, warnings, cautions, or all-clears being provided by local emergency management agencies or departments? 

·      Are there hot-spots where activity is either taking place or out-of-control?

·      Are there safe zones set up with police and possibly military supervision and protection for essential services? 

3. Keep a Low Profile

If and when you do leave your home, avoid any groups, demonstrations, or activities that have potential for problems. Do what you have set out to do and return home as soon as possible. 

Here are some other things to think about:

·      Avoid clothing, yard signs, bumper stickers, or any other outward communication that affiliates you with a group, organization, religion, political party, or any other hot buttons that seem to be fueling the unrest. Some people choose to do this as part of the protest. Once again, that’s your decision. But it may be that the best way to avoid trouble is to not ask for it. 

·      Don’t espouse opinions that could be perceived as confrontational. There’s nothing wrong with simply being polite and concise with communication. Some people are looking for trouble and it’s best not to give them an excuse to start it. 


4. Don’t Be a Show-Off

Experienced preppers understand that advertising a well-stocked and supplied home or bug out location is a bad idea. In the same way that everyday burglar’s case a property based on what they see, a desperate mob in a time of civil unrest will be looking at things the same way. 

Here are some basic things to consider:

·      Keep your garage door closed.

·      Close drapes and all windows.

·      Lock your doors and, if possible, reinforce locks and any other entry areas to your home. One recommendation is to place a chain on posts across your driveway to prevent anyone from pulling in and getting too close. This is more important if you have a long driveway and your house is remote or some distance from the street. 

·      Some recommendations go so far as to say you should tape black plastic garbage bags over your windows to block any inside lighting. That’s up to you and depends on the level of unrest in your immediate vicinity. It also could lead to vandals or thieves thinking nobody’s home. 

·      Remove any items in the yard that are visible. Put them in the garage or at least the back of the house, covered. 

·      It makes sense to share what you have with family and friends who don’t live with you, but remind them to not tell the world where they got a 20-pound bag of rice or 5 gallons of gas. 

·      Do not tout your good fortune and well-stocked pantry and other supplies on social media. 

·      If you are bugging out, only tellimmediate family and keep that off of social media as well. Someday you’ll return home and it would be nice to know it wasn’t robbed because people knew you wouldn’t be there. 

5. Avoid Confrontational Gatherings

Regardless of how strongly you may feel about an idea or an issue, joining a demonstration or angry gathering will put you at risk. In a time of civil unrest, even the most benign gathering or protest can quickly take a turn for the worse especially if there are agitators in the group intent on making trouble. 

Protest if you must, but if part of your responsibility is taking care of your family, you have to consider who needs you more. 

6. Never Travel Alone

This is a tough one. Stores are encouraging people to shop alone rather than with another person or group. Anyone traveling during a pandemic is at risk and the more people traveling, the greater the risk. But one person makes an easier target for an angry or unruly mob. 

If you must travel, consider having a person accompany you but ask them to remain in the car while you go into a pharmacy or grocery store. Make sure they lock the car doors. 

If the person is living with you, there’s a good chance you won’t get infected from them just walking down the street or sharing a car. It’s more likely they would infect you at home. You should both practice social distancing with others but going it alone in a time of civil unrest brings an element of risk to your personal safety. 

7. Let People Know Where You’re Going

This applies to any survival situation. Whenever someone goes off into the wilderness, standard practice is to inform people where you’re going and when you expect to return. During a time of civil unrest, even the most civilized town becomes its own wilderness. 

You should also discuss what to do if you don’t return. Ideally, you have a way to communicate either via smartphone of some other communication setup like a CB radio or long-range walkie talkie. It’s nice to believe that wireless phone service will still be operating, but if some of the past civil disturbances in other parts of the world are any indication, that may not be the case. 

It also makes sense to mutually agree on a meeting location in the event that civil unrest occurs suddenly and without warning. The easiest agreement is “go home,” but if that’s not an option, you should determine how and where you’ll gather especially if cell service is down. 

8. Safety in Numbers

If you live alone, seriously consider moving in with family or friends. This is another tough situation as some people are reluctant to invite someone from the outside into their home and risking infection, but most family members will accept the risk in a time of civil unrest. 

You should also communicate closely with neighbors and work out ways that you can all help each other. It’s a tribal mentality and when there is the potential for violence in the streets, you’ll find that an organized group can defend and protect itself better. Think of it as creating a survival networkwith an agreement on how you will help and support each other. 

Another interesting recommendation is to park as many cars as possible in your driveway. Locked of course, but if three or more cars appear in a driveway, it not only says somebody’s home, but there are many people present to defend themselves. 


9. Prepare To Defend Yourself

One indicator of the concerns about civil unrest is the recent spike in sales of firearms and ammunition. Using a weapon to defend your home is the worst-case scenario, but may be necessary if the rule of law totally collapses. 

Here’s a short list of considerations:

·      Arm yourself to the degree that you feel you need based on the situation.

·      Take the time to familiarize yourself and all members of your family with firearm operation and safety.

·      Understand the laws that apply to self-defense. 

·      Discuss scenarios with adult members of your family that could cause you to need to defend yourselves and a basic plan.

·      Practice your plans, not only for defense but to prepare for other dangers. Deal with medical emergencies or any other scenarios that you feel need quick and timely decisions. 

·      Determine a safe room where children or the elderly can be safely isolated in the event that violence comes to your front door. 

·      And yes, you should call 911 if you feel violence against your home is imminent, but there’s a good possibility that help will take a long time to reach you. 

·      Remember a weapon can be more dangerous in the hands of someone whom handles it unsafely. Please read our safety reminders and guidelines HERE .

·      A weapon can pose more of a threat to you and your group or family as persons may seek those with such items and if they are able to take it from you they may use it against you.


You’re on Your Own

When the rule of law breaks down and civil unrest fills the streets, law enforcement will be overwhelmed. Martial law is an inevitability in those cases but even then, few places will be safe. 

Our best hope is that any civil unrest has a short duration and only occurs in isolated instances. In a fitting bit of irony, it’s quite possible that any unlawful gathering, demonstration, or protest that results in civil unrest will find a new form of enforcement: the rampant spread of the Coronavirus among those who chose to take to the streets. 



Here is a great complimentary video on "Bugging out" or rather "Bugging In" and some really important points when taking in this kind of information from the Warrior Poet Society  : 






Firearms safety for survival situations


You may want to know more about firearms, you may wish to start hunting or sport shooting or you may wish to carry a firearm with you in the wilderness if applicable in your province or state or just wish to know how to safely handle one in a survival situation. While we appreciate that all readers may not like the idea of firearms we believe that all persons should know how to safely handle one as a situation may occur that you’ll need to.


This is the most basic safety rule. If everyone handled a firearm so carefully that the muzzle never pointed at something they didn’t intend to shoot, there would be virtually no firearms accidents. It’s as simple as that, and it’s up to you.

Never point your gun at anything you do not intend to shoot. This is particularly important when loading or unloading a firearm. In the event of an accidental discharge, no injury can occur as long as the muzzle is pointing in a safe direction.

A safe direction means a direction in which a bullet cannot possibly strike anyone, considering possible ricochets and the fact that bullets can penetrate walls and ceilings. The safe direction may be “up” on some occasions or “down” on others, but never at anyone or anything not intended as a target. Even when “dry firing” with an unloaded gun, you should never point the gun at an unsafe target.

Make it a habit to know exactly where the muzzle of your gun is pointing at all times, and be sure that you are in control of the direction in which the muzzle is pointing, even if you fall or stumble. This is your responsibility, and only you can control it.


Firearms should be loaded only when you are in the field or on the target range or shooting area, ready to shoot. When not in use, firearms and ammunition should be secured in a safe place, separate from each other. It is your responsibility to prevent children and unauthorized adults from gaining access to firearms or ammunition.

Unload your gun as soon as you are finished. A loaded gun has no place in or near a car, truck or building. Unload your gun immediately when you have finished shooting, well before you bring it into a car, camp or home.

Whenever you handle a firearm or hand it to someone, always open the action immediately, and visually check the chamber, receiver and magazine to be certain they do not contain any ammunition. Always keep actions open when not in use. Never assume a gun is unloaded — check for yourself! This is considered a mark of an experienced gun handler!

Never cross a fence, climb a tree or perform any awkward action with a loaded gun. While in the field, there will be times when common sense and the basic rules of firearms safety will require you to unload your gun for maximum safety. Never pull or push a loaded firearm toward yourself or another person. There is never any excuse to carry a loaded gun in a scabbard, a holster not being worn or a gun case. When in doubt, unload your gun!


Treat every gun as though it can fire at any time. The “safety” on any gun is a mechanical device which, like any such device, can become inoperable at the worst possible time. Besides, by mistake, the safety may be “off” when you think it is “on.” The safety serves as a supplement to proper gun handling but cannot possibly serve as a substitute for common sense. You should never handle a gun carelessly and assume that the gun won’t fire just because the “safety is on.”

Never touch the trigger on a firearm until you actually intend to shoot. Keep your fingers away from the trigger while loading or unloading. Never pull the trigger on any firearm with the safety on the “safe” position or anywhere in between “safe” and “fire.” It is possible that the gun can fire at any time, or even later when you release the safety, without you ever touching the trigger again.

Never place the safety in between positions, since half-safe is unsafe. Keep the safety “on” until you are absolutely ready to fire.

Regardless of the position of the safety, any blow or jar strong enough to actuate the firing mechanism of a gun can cause it to fire. This can happen even if the trigger is not touched, such as when a gun is dropped. Never rest a loaded gun against any object because there is always the possibility that it will be jarred or slide from its position and fall with sufficient force to discharge. The only time you can be absolutely certain that a gun cannot fire is when the action is open and it is completely empty. Again, never rely on your gun’s safety. You and the safe gun handling procedures you have learned are your gun’s primary safeties.


No one can call a shot back. Once a gun fires, you have given up all control over where the shot will go or what it will strike. Don’t shoot unless you know exactly what your shot is going to strike. Be sure that your bullet will not injure anyone or anything beyond your target. Firing at a movement or a noise without being absolutely certain of what you are shooting at constitutes disregard for the safety of others. No target is so important that you cannot take the time before you pull the trigger to be absolutely certain of your target and where your shot will stop.

Be aware that even a 22 short bullet can travel over 1 1/4 miles and a high velocity cartridge, such as a 30-06, can send its bullet more than 3 miles. Shotgun pellets can travel 500 yards, and shotgun slugs have a range of over half a mile.

You should keep in mind how far a bullet will travel if it misses your intended target or ricochets in another direction.


You must assume the serious responsibility of using only the correct ammunition for your firearm. Read and heed all warnings, including those that appear in the gun’s instruction manual and on the ammunition boxes.

Using improper or incorrect ammunition can destroy a gun and cause serious personal injury. It only takes one cartridge of improper caliber or gauge to wreck your gun, and only a second to check each one as you load it. Be absolutely certain that the ammunition you are using matches the specifications that are contained within the gun’s instruction manual and the manufacturer’s markings on the firearm.

Firearms are designed, manufactured and proof tested to standards based upon those of factory loaded ammunition. Handloaded or reloaded ammunition deviating from pressures generated by factory loads or from component recommendations specified in reputable handloading manuals can be dangerous, and can cause severe damage to guns and serious injury to the shooter. Do not use improper reloads or ammunition made of unknown components.

Ammunition that has become very wet or has been submerged in water should be discarded in a safe manner. Do not spray oil or solvents on ammunition or place ammunition in excessively lubricated firearms. Poor ignition, unsatisfactory performance or damage to your firearm and harm to yourself or others could result from using such ammunition.

Form the habit of examining every cartridge you put into your gun. Never use damaged or substandard ammunition — the money you save is not worth the risk of possible injury or a ruined gun.


Occasionally, a cartridge may not fire when the trigger is pulled. If this occurs, keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. Keep your face away from the breech. Then, carefully open the action, unload the firearm and dispose of the cartridge in a safe way.

Any time there is a cartridge in the chamber, your gun is loaded and ready to fire even if you’ve tried to shoot and it did not go off. It could go off at any time, so you must always remember Rule #1 and watch that muzzle!

Discharging firearms in poorly ventilated areas, cleaning firearms or handling ammunition may result in exposure to lead and other substances known to cause birth defects, reproductive harm and other serious physical injury. Have adequate ventilation at all times. Wash hands thoroughly after exposure.


All shooters should wear protective shooting glasses and some form of hearing protectors while shooting. Exposure to shooting noise can damage hearing, and adequate vision protection is essential. Shooting glasses guard against twigs, falling shot, clay target chips and the rare ruptured case or firearm malfunction. Wearing eye protection when disassembling and cleaning any gun will also help prevent the possibility of springs, spring tension parts, solvents or other agents from contacting your eyes. There is a wide variety of eye and ear protectors available. No target shooter, plinker or hunter should ever be without them.

Most rules of shooting safety are intended to protect you and others around you, but this rule is for your protection alone. Furthermore, having your hearing and eyes protected will make your shooting easier and will help improve your enjoyment of the shooting sports.


Before you load your firearm, open the action and be certain that no ammunition is in the chamber or magazine. Be sure the barrel is clear of any obstruction. Even a small bit of mud, snow, excess lubricating oil or grease in the bore can cause dangerously increased pressures, causing the barrel to bulge or even burst on firing, which can cause injury to the shooter and bystanders. Make it a habit to clean the bore and check for obstructions with a cleaning rod immediately before you shoot it. If the noise or recoil on firing seems weak or doesn’t seem quite “right,” cease firing immediately and be sure to check that no obstruction or projectile has become lodged in the barrel.

Placing a smaller gauge or caliber cartridge into a gun (such as a 20-gauge shell in a 12-gauge shotgun) can result in the smaller cartridge falling into the barrel and acting as a bore obstruction when a cartridge of proper size is fired. This can cause a burst barrel or worse. This is really a case where “haste makes waste.” You can easily avoid this type of accident by paying close attention to each cartridge you insert into your firearm.


Firearms are complicated mechanisms that are designed by experts to function properly in their original condition. Any alteration or change made to a firearm after manufacture can make the gun dangerous and will usually void any factory warranties. Do not jeopardize your safety or the safety of others by altering the trigger, safety or other mechanism of any firearm or allowing unqualified persons to repair or modify a gun. You’ll usually ruin an expensive gun. Don’t do it!

Your gun is a mechanical device that will not last forever and is subject to wear. As such, it requires periodic inspection, adjustment and service. Check with the manufacturer of your firearm for recommended servicing.


Not all firearms are the same. The method of carrying and handling firearms varies in accordance with the mechanical characteristics of each gun. Since guns can be so different, never handle any firearm without first having thoroughly familiarized yourself with the particular type of firearm you are using, the safe gun handling rules for loading, unloading, carrying and handling that firearm, and the rules of safe gun handling in general.

For example, many handgun manufacturers recommend that their handguns always be carried with the hammer down on an empty chamber. This is particularly true for older single-action revolvers, but applies equally to some double-action revolvers or semiautomatic pistols. You should always read and refer to the instruction manual you received with your gun, or if you have misplaced the manual, simply contact the manufacturer for a free copy.

Having a gun in your possession is a full-time job. You cannot guess; you cannot forget. You must know how to use, handle and store your firearm safely. Do not use any firearm without having a complete understanding of its particular characteristics and safe use. There is no such thing as a foolproof gun.


Hunting and target shooting are among the safest of all sports. This list is intended to help you make them even safer by emphasizing the basics of safe gun handling and storage and by reminding you that you are the key to firearms safety.

You can help meet this responsibility by enrolling in hunter safety or shooting safety courses. You must constantly stress safety when handling firearms, especially to children and non-shooters. Beginners, in particular, must be closely supervised when handling firearms with which they may not be acquainted.

Don’t be timid when it comes to gun safety. If you observe anyone violating any safety precautions, you have an obligation to insist on safer handling practices, such as those on this site.

For formal training in Canada see the RCMP link here : 


Follow the safety procedures outlined here, develop safe shooting habits, and remember, firearms safety is up to you.




Here's a great complimentary video for the above material from the Warrior Poet Society 



Shelter in the woods


Having a shelter to be able to go to whenever needed is an amazing asset that anyone can have. Having a shelter located in the woods is an even better asset as the woods harbors food, which you can hunt, and other additional resources that can be utilized. By creating a permanent shelter, you will see the benefits of doing so in having a reliable location outside your home to hunt in or stay hidden when needed, especially in a doomsday situation. In building a permanent shelter in the woods, there are steps needed to be taken to have the best shelter in the best location.

Here are Our Steps to Building a Permanent Shelter in the Woods

1. Choosing a Location (As they say, location, location, location!)

The very first step in building a permanent shelter is choosing the location. Location is important in that you want to pick an area that has all the resources you are looking for. Some important aspects to look for in choosing a location is access to a water source, local predators, accessibility, location dangers (like flash floods), and exposure.

When picking a location, a water source is important so that you can have access to water whenever needed without having to rely on the water you can get from your house or the store. Any water source that can be used for safe drinking after filtration is a huge asset to the permanent shelter you choose to build there.

Considering local predators is very important, as well. When choosing the location for your shelter look for signs of what animals are nearby. Look at tracks or droppings to find out what animals are living in the immediate area. If you find superfluous amounts of bear droppings, for example, you may want to choose a different location so that you are not in risk for being attacked or the shelter is destroyed.

Accessibility is also important in that you need to be able to get your shelter easily and with little trouble when you really need it. If there was an SHTF moment, then it would be important that you choose a location where there are little obstacles to get to your safety spot before there is mass hysteria across the globe.

Other dangers you may want to look out for are areas prone to flash floods, flooding, avalanches, or other potential location dangers. You do not want your shelter to get damaged or for yourself to get hurt so choose a spot that is safe and free of environmental hazards. 

Lastly, exposure is another important aspect of choosing a location for your permanent shelter. By exposure I mean finding a spot that doesn’t let the whole world know that your shelter is where it is. You want to pick a spot that not many people can see and that only you and your family know about. This will keep from you shelter being destroyed by looters or menacing individuals.

2. Choosing the Best Permanent Shelter

After you have found just the right spot for your permanent shelter then it is time to decide on what shelter you want. When choosing to build a shelter, especially a permanent one, then you want to pick a shelter that can withstand your local elements. You also want to choose a shelter that is in your price range. 

In the end, you can only build what you can afford but luckily there are many shelters that do not require a lot of money and many even use some of nature’s materials. Shelters that can be utilized permanently include lean-tos, wickiups, and cabins. These three permanent shelters are all great choices and anyone can use at least one of these shelters for their climate.

3. Lean-to Shelter

The first shelter that you can build is a lean-to shelter. A lean-to shelter is a great option as it is low cost and is not hard to build. The basic materials you need are branches for the frame, something to lean the frame upon such as two trees or a wall, and a tarp or coverage to cover your frame. This shelter is perfect even for rainy conditions, windy conditions, or sunny conditions by positioning the shelter against the sun or wind.

4. Wickiups Shelter

A wickiup shelter is a shelter that many have never heard of but is a great option for a long-term shelter. It is a shelter similar to that of a teepee and is made with materials from the forest. That being said, this shelter is definitely great for individuals looking to not spend so much on a shelter. 

Building this shelter is also very easy! Another benefit of this shelter is its ability to have a fire built within it without burning the shelter down. Once you have chosen your location for your shelter make sure the area is clear of debris. Then build the tripod with three long strong branches which will bear the bulk of the weight. Then start to add more branches to the shelter as you see fit. All the spaces do not need to be filled yet as it will be filled with insulation later on. 

Lastly, it is now time to add the insulation. The insulation you are going to use is any forest debris you can find like leaves, pine needles, or debris such as this. When installing the debris begin at the bottom and then work your way to the top. By putting the debris in from bottom to top it does not allow the rain to get in the shelter. After the insulation is all put in, then you are all done!

5. Cabin Shelter

A cabin is definitely the costliest out of the three shelters mentioned, but it is also the most permanent shelter you can make. If choosing to go the most cost-efficient way, you can make the cabin with your own two hands and lots of time. Most likely if you are building a cabin you will have lots of trees around your chosen location and you can use the trees around you to build the cabin. It will take time and patience to build the cabin but when finished is something that you can be really proud of and you can be sure that the cabin will be around for a while. When picking the design or direct instructions for a cabin there is plans that you can purchase online or you can enlist the help of someone who has successfully made a cabin themselves.

A cabin is also great for cold climates especially since you can install a woods stove. The cabin would also be able to keep in the heat and block out the wind. If looking to build a permanent shelter a cabin, wickiup, and lean-to are all great choices. Remember to choose a good location first and pick a spot that encompasses all the features mentioned. Once you got the perfect location you are ready to build your permanent shelter!




Wilderness First Aid


It’s not as easy as you would think to make a wilderness first aid kit. Usually, you don’t know everything you’ll need until you don’t have it unless you use some valuable resources like this article to help you build your wilderness first aid kit. As you go through this article, keep in mind that you should have personal protection, protection against possible muscle or skeletal injuries, and something convenient to carry it all in.

Before starting, think about your hike. How many people are going to be using your kit? How long is your trip? What will you be doing on your hike? Do you have the training necessary to handle certain situations? If you’re going with a group of people, consider packing a lot of supplies. The same thing goes for if you’re going on a long trip to a national park. Plan according to days. If you’re going for a day or two, don’t pack more than you need to. In the event that you’re going to do something that involves water, bring waterproof supplies. If you’re going to partake in a strenuous hike, for example, bring supplies for any possible musculoskeletal injuries. Basically, pack according to your activities. Training is also a huge consideration. Don’t bring things you don’t know how to use. Or, at least make sure you know how to use everything you plan on bringing. Now, let’s get packing!

Personal Protection

Injuries can and will happen may they be small cuts, bruises, or broken bones. There a few items that are a must for your wilderness first aid kit.

1.   Nitrile Gloves – Vinyl gloves are porous and some people can be allergic to latex, so always get nitrile gloves. Also, bring as many as you can because you’ll need a fresh pair for every wound you tend to. Don’t bring old gloves. Buy new ones. Your old gloves can be contaminated, have degraded in the heat or cold, or have worn some damage, leading to tears where bacteria and other microorganisms could climb in.

2.   CPR Masks – CPR masks are cheap, and you can even find some for your keychain. They typically have a short life span, but it’s great in a pinch. Just make sure you know how to use one before you try using it.

3.   The Basics – The basics are your gauze, dressings, and adhesive bandages. Gauze and dressings come in many different sizes and forms. Some adhere and others don’ These are good for burns or scrapes. Adhesive bandages are your typical bandaids. These come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Buy a few of each to be truly prepared.

4.   Equipment – Your fingers cannot do everything when it comes to cleaning and dressing wounds. This is why we have tools like tweezers, magnifiers, syringes and trauma shears. Tweezers are cheap, take up little room, and are fantastic if you get a splinter. The same thing goes for a magnifier. Splinters can be quite small. A magnifier goes a long way. Then there are syringes. Syringes are great for irrigation. For those cases where you receive a large wound, a syringe is helpful in irrigating it, basically, cleaning out your wounds. Finally, trauma shears come in a variety of sizes and are pretty low cost. You’ll appreciate it when you need it and have one.

5.   OTC Medications – Injuries are typically painful and are breeding grounds for pathogens. Keep a bottle of ibuprofen or acetaminophen with you. They’ll reduce your pain and make your hike more manageable. To keep pathogens away, a topical antibiotic cream is useful. It kills all the bacteria and nasty microorganisms that would otherwise cause infections. Other good OTC meds to keep on you are gastrointestinal meds and antihistamines. If you accidentally consume something you shouldn’t or drink contaminated water, you’ll likely come down with a nasty case of diarrhea. Rid yourself of that problem with gastrointestinal meds like calcium carbonate or loperamide. Antihistamines are essential for allergic reactions. They can save your life if you have a deadly allergy. For example, if you are allergic to bees and are stung during a hike, you’d benefit from an epinephrine injector.

6.   Other – Some other things you should bring include aloe, throat lozenges, lip balm, sunscreen, insect repellant, and your personal medications. Aloe is really good for burns and any potential bug bites. It soothes any burning or itching sensations. Throat lozenges are good for your throat to soothe any soreness. Lip balm is helpful if you’re hiking somewhere cold or really hot where chapped lips are common. Sunscreen is helpful in those sunny areas. No hike is worth the threat of skin cancer. Wear your sunscreen! While you’re protecting your skin, get some insect repellant. Not only are insect bites uncomfortable, but depending on where you hike, they can be lethal. Finally, personal medications include anything you need to function, daily. For example, if you have asthma, bring your inhaler.

Muscle and Skeletal Injuries

If you’re hiking and trip over something, you may sprain an ankle or break a bone. If this happens, you’ll need a cast, buddy split, SAM splint, compression wraps, or triangular bandages. These items will provide you with support if you should get some sort of musculoskeletal injury. They will typically last you long enough to get to help or your destination. However, if you receive one of these injuries, you should make getting help your top priority. If it’s a break or fracture, infections may occur. If it’s a bad strain, they have a habit of getting progressively worse.

Carry It All

Now that you have all your supplies for your wilderness first aid kit gathered, you’ll need a bag of some sort. This doesn’t need to be fancy. Think compact, waterproof, and durable. You can choose something made of nylon that has organizer pouches or see-through dividers. See-through dividers are nice when you’re trying to dress a wound and don’t want to go digging around to find what you need. Or, you can buy dry bags or dry cases if you intend to be doing something in the water. If you’re worried about water getting in there, you can even vacuum seal your kit.   It’ll keep the contents dry. Or, there are simple waterproof zip top bags for those who like to hike ultralight. Regardless, choose things with compartments that make sense to you.

First thing’s first: get your medical bag or duffel bag and make your list of supplies. Let this guide help you start your wilderness first aid kit. If you have any other suggestions on things to add to this list, please let us know!




Leave no trace


While this may not all apply to a survival situation this is a great guide for practicing your survival skills or generally enjoying the wilderness and outdoors. As we enthusiasts often prefer visiting different types of locations, Some love trekking high into the Appalachian Mountains, while others enjoy paddling through the river-carved rocks of the Southwest. Some may like to explore the rainforests of the Pacific Northwest, while others enjoy ambling about aimlessly amid the grass-dotted dunes of the Gulf Coast.

You like forests; your buddy prefers prairies. One of your kids likes the beach; the other prefers the bayou. But these various locations all share one uniting characteristic, one about which all outdoor enthusiasts can agree: They offer you the chance to spend some time in an unspoiled place, which has suffered only a minimal amount of human impact.

Whatever types of places you prefer for hiking, trekking, camping, Nordic walking or paddling, you surely appreciate that these activities all give you the opportunity to spend time in untouched wilderness areas. However, careless use of these places will quickly ruin them. After all, they’re becoming more and more popular by the day. If those who visit these pristine places aren’t careful, they’ll destroy the very thing that they sought in the first place – natural, untarnished beauty. Fortunately, a lot of outdoor enthusiasts have already begun taking steps to protect these places, and you can join right alongside them. You just have to embrace Leave No Trace Principles.

What Does Leave No Trace Mean?

Leave No Trace is an ethical framework designed to help conserve wild spaces. It is not only important for the people who visit these places, but for the habitats themselves. And this includes all of the plants, animals, trees, rocks and microbes dwelling in them.

The thrust of Leave No Trace is often distilled to the following sentence: Take only photographs (or memories), leave only footprints. Essentially, you’ll want to leave the wild spaces you visit exactly as you found them. However, the Leave No Trace ethic is best exemplified by the Seven Principles. We’ll discuss these – and what they mean to the average outdoor enthusiast – below.

Leave No Trace: Seven Principles

The Seven Principles of the Leave No Trace conservation framework include the following:

1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

In most cases, a well-planned hike or camping trip will cause less environmental damage than a poorly-planned adventure will. People often end up in precarious situations when they’re poorly prepared, which may force them to do things they otherwise wouldn’t.

You may, for example, be forced to cross vulnerable habitats if you become lost, or otherwise disturb ecosystems to extricate yourself from the situation. In a worst-case scenario, you could find yourself stranded or injured. This may necessitate some type of rescue operation, which may cause even further environmental damage.

Accordingly, you’ll want to be sure you do your homework before leaving home. Learn all about the park or forest you are visiting, including the most common natural and environmental threats you’ll face. Contact the local ranger station (or relevant authority) and inquire about any special rules or regulations in effect and be sure to heed the advice given.

2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces

Popular trails may endure tens of thousands of footsteps every day. All of this foot traffic will eventually wear away the soil, potentially altering trails and larger landscape features. So, you’ll want to walk across the most durable surfaces possible while making your way through the wilderness.

This means sticking to the designated trail, doing your best to avoid soft and muddy spots, and don’t cross meadows and other delicate habitats. Similarly, when you set up a campsite, try to select places with firm, hardpacked soil. If there are pre-established tent pads present, use them. It is true that erosion is a natural process that occurs in all natural habitats. However, natural erosion occurs on geological timescales – not the course of a summer. So, do your best to tread lightly and avoid exacerbating any erosion already present.

3. Dispose of Waste Properly

Perhaps the most obvious of the Seven Principles, you should always dispose of trash and other types of waste properly when enjoying the great outdoors. For starters, embrace the “pack it in; pack it out” mantra. Always pack out anything you can’t eat, drink or burn and dispose of it in a proper receptacle. Many (if not most) popular campsites have trash cans near the trailhead, so just bring a small garbage bag with you and collect any trash you created when you’re packing up and heading out.

You’ll also have to dispose of human waste properly. Make sure that you dig latrines the recommended distance from nearby water sources (it varies from one location to the next, but 100 yards is a good rule of thumb) and throw in some dirt every time you use it. Toilet paper should be burned, rather than buried. Even the most biodegradable varieties will still take quite a while to break down. Animals may dig it up before it has a chance to decompose, which creates quite an eyesore and a legitimate health hazard.

4. Leave What You Find


You’ll surely encounter a variety of beautiful and interesting artifacts on a given trip through the wilderness. You may stumble across beautiful flowers, fascinating river rocks, or cultural artifacts, left by prehistoric people. In all cases, you must resist the urge to take these types of things home as souvenirs.

No, you won’t single-handedly ruin a forest ecosystem by taking home a particularly pretty pinecone you find, but you aren’t the only one wandering through the forest – if everyone did the same, problems would inevitably occur.

Leaving what you find also means leaving the wilderness in the same state that you found it. This means you shouldn’t make any unnecessary changes to the habitat – don’t dig ditches, nor construct shelters. Try to ensure that the trails and campsites you visit look the same way they did when you arrived.

5. Minimize Campfire Impacts

Campfires are a time-honored tradition, and they’re certainly fun to build and enjoy; however, campfires can become very dangerous if they’re not monitored carefully. Always be sure to set up a proper fire ring if one is not already built and avoid building campfires under overhanging trees. Additionally, you’ll always want to have a bucket of water on hand for safety purposes.

It’s also important to avoid harming the surrounding habitat while collecting firewood. Never cut living branches off trees – it’ll not only harm the tree, but it’ll also make for terrible firewood. Instead, stick to dead wood that has already fallen to the ground. And although some campers may be tempted to bring firewood with them, this is actually a very bad idea, as tree pests are often spread in this manner. In fact, if you really want to leave no trace during your next camping trip, skip the fire entirely. Doing so will not only help protect the environment, it’ll provide you a chance to enjoy the kinds of sights and sounds the fire usually obscures or scares away.

6. Respect Wildlife

Of the seven principles established under the Leave No Trace ethical framework, perhaps none is more tempting for hikers and campers to break that this one. Of course, those who do break this rule rarely mean to do so, they just fail to appreciate the ramifications of their actions.

For example, few hikers or campers would ever deliberately harm a deer, squirrel, rabbit, bear or butterfly. But respecting wildlife means respecting all wildlife – not just the cute, cuddly critters. This means that you’ll want to relocate the spider you found crawling in your tent, instead of squishing him. And you should certainly leave the garter snake crawling through camp unharmed.

Respecting wildlife also means keeping a safe distance from the animals you encounter. Never feed wild animals, as this can cause them to view humans as a food source. In the case of bears and other large animals, this can lead to accidents, which may, in turn, require officials to euthanize or relocate the animal in question. At the end of the day, respecting wildlife means enjoying the encounters that occur, keeping a respectful distance, and avoiding any actions that may harm or threaten the animals living in the wild.

7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors


In addition to treading lightly on the environment, respecting the living organisms that call wild spaces home and cleaning up after yourself, you’ll want to ensure that you don’t prevent other outdoor enthusiasts from enjoying the natural world. This essentially means being considerate and courteous and embracing the Golden Rule.

For example, you’ll want to remain relatively quiet while hiking and camping. People travel to the wilderness to hear babbling brooks and singing birds, they don’t want to hear your conversations from three campsites away. Similarly, refrain from playing loud music, and keep campfire songs to a reasonable volume.

It’s also important to practice good wilderness etiquette. Among other things, this means moving off the trail when you are taking a break, sharing the trail and trying to situate campsites in non-obtrusive places. Additionally, experienced hikers and campers should yield to inexperienced hikers and campers whenever prudent. For example, if you encounter a family that is obviously new to hiking, you may want to point out the easiest river crossings or provide any helpful advice that would benefit them.

The Value of Leave No Trace Principles: Tangible Impacts

It is often hard for outdoor enthusiasts to appreciate the tangible benefits of Leave No Trace principles to achieve. But that’s primarily due to the entire goal of the Leave No Trace ethos – natural areas should look exactly like the same as when you found them.

However, one of the best ways to appreciate the accomplishments of the Leave No Trace movement is by simply visiting different parks. High-traffic parks often experience significant environmental degradation over the course of a summer (or whatever the busy season is for the location). By the end of the season, you’ll notice trash alongside the trail, broken limbs near campsites, and footsteps leading through fragile meadows and fields.

However, if you visit a park where the visitors employ Leave No Trace principles, you won’t see any of these things. The land will look untouched, and you won’t notice signs of campers who came before you. In fact, you’ll surely enjoy such well-respected parks and forests, as they’ll provide exactly the types of natural surroundings most outdoor enthusiasts seek.

Actionable Steps: Seven Things You Can Do During Your Next Outdoor Adventure

Lofty goals and broad initiatives are great, but they can leave your average hiker or camper without a clear idea about what to do. But most people should be able to employ some (or all) of the steps recommended below during their very next outdoor adventure.

1.   Bring a small trash bag with you every time you hit the trail. It doesn’t take much time or effort to pick up a few pieces of litter you see while enjoying the trail, particularly if you bring a bag with you to carry it back to the trailhead.

2.   Participate in voluntary cleanup programs. Most major metropolitan areas will have regular, volunteer-oriented park cleanup programs in which you can help do your park to keep natural areas clean. You may not be able to volunteer at your favorite camping location, as most people tend to travel long distances to reach wilderness areas, but you can surely pitch in at your local park.

3.   Avoid using switchbacks. Properly designed mountain trails are designed in a serpentine This helps limit the amount of erosion that takes place and keep the trail in good condition. However, unscrupulous hikers often go off trail and create “switchbacks” that essentially form shortcuts for the trail. While it may be tempting to shave off any unnecessary steps on the trail, you’ll want to avoid using switchbacks, as they’re very destructive to the trail system and hillside.

4.   Employ good outdoor bathroom etiquette. In addition to setting up your latrine a safe distance from water, be sure that you don’t set it up directly upwind (or within sight of) other campsites. Utilize shrubs, trees, boulders and other natural items to keep latrines out of the sight of your fellow campers.

5.   Keep your pet on a leash. While pets often enjoy the great outdoors as much as their owners do, it is important to keep your pet leashed anytime you are in the wilderness. This will not only keep your pet safe, but it will ensure that your dog doesn’t chase and harass local wildlife (or other campers).

6.   Turn your radio down. Music can help make a camping trip even more fun than normal, but not everyone wants to hear your tunes. So, you’ll want to keep the volume on your radio down, or better yet, use earbuds when enjoying your music.

7.   Walk single-file on the trail. Whenever possible, try to walk single-file when traveling along unpaved trails. Doing so will help limit the erosion you create, and it’ll also help allow other hikers and campers to pass you easily.

Leave No Trace principles are pretty easy to employ, so every outdoor enthusiast should strive to embrace them. By doing so, you’ll help to protect and conserve the places you love visiting, and thereby allow future generations to enjoy them too.




Every Day Carry Survival items


EDC (everyday carry), is a term that is gaining steam outside of the survivalist world. The idea used to be relegated to items such as knives, tactical pens, and a fishing kit rolled inside a wad of duct tape. However, as the concept of EDC is becoming more widely adopted, people are finding unique ways to use their real everyday carry to create survivalist equipment on the go.

Before we get started on the hacks, most EDC kits will include a phone (usually a smartphone), a wallet, and a keychain. These will get most people through their everyday life without much hassle.

However, if you haven’t already added to your kit a knife, multi-tool, lighter, and flashlight, you should really consider it. In the unlikely circumstances that you are in a car accident, you don’t want to be hunting around the cab of your car looking for a blade to cut the seatbelt off. It would make sense to get a rain jacket as well, as you never know how the weather will get.

While this list of 5 essential survival hacks may include a few items you will need to get from the convenience store, these are generally readily available to be used on the fly.

 1. Use Your Watch as a Compass

If you have an analog wristwatch and you’ve lost your way during the day, you can actually use it as an approximate compass if you’re on the northern hemisphere. 

All you need to do is hold your watch horizontally and aim the hour hand at the sun.

Then to calculate south, find the halfway point between the hour hand and the twelve o’clock notch. For example, if it’s currently six o’clock, point the hour hand at the sun and south would be approximately at the nine o’clock position. 

Keep in mind:

·       If it’s noon, the south should be lined up if the twelve o’clock notch.

·       This is approximate because the sun is not always going to be directly south at noon.

2. Use a Battery and a Gum Wrapper to Create Fire

If you haven’t started carrying a small light with you and you find yourself in a situation that requires fire, just remember that you need three elements to create one; heat, fuel, and oxygen. Without one of these three components, you’ll end up struggling to keep your hands warm, boiling water, or cooking food. 

While there are a multitude of ways to start a fire without matches, if you have a battery on hand, and a stick of gum with an aluminum wrapper, you are in luck. Cut a small strip of the aluminum wrapper and have it touch both ends of the battery at the same time. The electrical current will flow through the aluminum foil setting it alight. 

Keep in mind:

·       You can use tinfoil

·       You can use steel wool

·       This will kill the battery!

3. Create a Stove Out of an Aluminum Can

Now that you can create fire, you can make that cup of coffee with boiled water. Using an aluminum can, you are able to create what is colloquially known as a “hobo stove” so named due to the fact that hobo’s and transients would use these during the Great Depression.

What you’ll need:

·       A can (soda cans and food preserving tins work well) 

·       Tin snips or wire cutter

·       Nail and hammer

To start constructing your own hobo stove, use the hammer and nail to puncture holes around the circumference of the top and bottom of the can, and a few holes on the lid that you’ll rest a pot on. 

Using the tin snips, cut an opening on the bottom large enough to place the fuel that will feed the fire.

While this is the most basic form of a hobo stove, there is an endless variety in design. There are hobo stoves that have ash stands and ones that use alcohol which will create a jet burner.

Keep in mind:

·       You’ll likely burn the pot you’re using to cook with

·       It’s difficult to maintain a constant flame

·       Boiling water will take some time

·       While boiling water isn’t as efficient as a water filtering kit, it can save your life in a crunch

4. Super Glue Bandage

If you’re going out for a day hike, you may want to put a small tube of super glue in your kit.

While there are the obvious uses of super glue, being that it sticks things together, the sticky substance can also be used in a medical emergency for a quick fix, until you see proper medical treatment.

This isn’t a new idea, even in World War II military medics ended up using super glue for closing combat wounds!

Be aware, however, that most super glue isn’t intended for medical usage (there is a medicinal version available) but if you have a cut that isn’t a puncture wound then it might be your best bet before you can see a doctor.

Benefits of a super glue suture is that:

·       It’s quick drying to stop the bleeding

·       It’s waterproof

·       It keeps the cut sanitary

5. Soda Can Fish Hook

If you’ve finished your soda during your walk by the lake, you can always use the tab of the can to catch some fish! 

This quick hack requires a few items to have on hand:

·       Pocket knife

·       Soda can tab

·       Multi-tool

·       Thread/ Dental Floss

·       Needle-nose pliers

Begin by removing the tab from the can. Then you can cut an angled opening on the side of the bottom hole, eventually removing as much metal where the tab now has a “C” shape. The angled cut you started with is the basis of your hook. 

You’ll want to use your pliers or the file on your multi-tool make the hook into a point. After that, try to remove any other sharp edges either by filing them down or compressing them with the pliers.

Now that the shape and point of the hook have been made, use your pocket knife to punch a hole on the top of the tab which is where you’ll thread your line.

Another great item to have with you in your EDC kit, is a spool of waxed dental floss, while we could go into the incredible use of using dental floss to open a locked car door, today you’ll use it to go fishing!

With these 5 essential survival hacks using your EDC, you’ll be able to take on any challenge that life might throw at you.




How to grow Ginseng


Ginseng is no longer a hidden herb and by this time almost everyone knows what this plant is and what its roots can do. However, if you are someone who still doesn’t know about Ginseng and if you want to know what benefits it comes with then yes, you are at the right place, reading the right article. The word Ginseng comes from the Chinese word “Renshen” which means “man root” because the shape of the roots of Ginseng resembles the legs of a man. 

In fact, Ginseng has another name and that is “Panax” which means “a cure to all”. Yes, you read it right, Ginseng is nothing like the ordinary herbs and roots you come across every day, in fact, Ginseng is a cure to almost all the diseases of the world. For example, it can treat anything from erectile dysfunction to Alzheimer’s. So, yes, if you are someone who is looking for a life-changing herb then you need to opt for Ginseng because this herb can do wonders to your health and you will see the changes for yourself. 

Now, you have two options, first, you can get the Ginseng from an online store, click here to know what kind of a store we are talking about. The other solution is to grow your own Ginseng. Yes, you read it right, you can grow Ginseng at your home and we are now going to tell you how that happens. 

1. Finding The Right Environment


The first thing you need to do is to find the right environment to grow Ginseng in the first place. If you use the “wild simulated” method to grow Ginseng then know that you will have to first find a natural environment for that so that the plant can actually grow. Know that Ginseng grows in a cool climate so if it’s hot out there then don’t waste your time on growing Ginseng and buy it from a dealer instead.

2. Testing The Soil


Once you find the right environment, you then need to test the soil and evaluate it to check whether it’s suitable for the Ginseng or not. You need to make sure that the soil is all moist and loamy and on top of everything, it’s supposed to be able to drain quickly too. Don’t opt for hard clay or a swampy soil because that won’t be a favorable condition for the Ginseng plant to grow. 

3. State Permission


You then need to take the permission from the state you are living in. There are only a few states in the world that are allowed to legally grow Ginseng. So, make sure to get a permit first and then get started with the process.

4. Purchasing Seeds


The next step is to purchase the seeds from a dealer who also needs to have a license. Make sure to purchase the green seeds because they are the most suitable ones when you want to grow the plant. You can’t opt for soft or discolored seeds because they won’t work for you. Once you purchase the seeds, you then have to plant them. Just make sure to keep the seeds moist and water them every now and then before a week of planting them. 


This is the process that you need to follow to grow Ginseng. One more thing to know is that you need to stay a little patient with the growth process as it’s a time taking process. Other than that, just follow the tips we gave and you will have your own Ginseng very soon.




Long range shooting for survival or hunting


Before you read this we cannot stress proper firearms safety enough, Please read the following article HERE and take a formal firearms safety course that conforms with your state or provincial laws.So, you’ve decided to enter the long-range realm. Perhaps you’ve become a crack shot at less than a hundred yards, or maybe you just want a break from the rhythm and repetition of your usual shooting game. Whatever the reason, this guide will be a useful tool for preparing your long-range shooting experience, to ensure you come away with a rewarding, fun new hobby.

Just how far are we talkin’?

The truth is, no one knows. It’s not an exact definition, with estimates ranging from a basic hundred yards to over five hundred. After all, it largely depends on the rifle you’re shooting, since what is the long range to a .22 rifle is obviously different than what is the long range to a 0.50 rifle.

Generally, hanging at around the 300-yard point is a good idea, since it’s not so far as to make most calibers useless, but is also far enough down the range to make sure you’re not boring yourself.

But three hundred big ones means that you’re going to have to take some definite steps to get your shooting game ready for that kind of league. And, naturally, it all starts with your head.

Mind Over Matter

Any shooter, new or professional, young or old, casual or diehard, knows that shooting takes discipline. In Liam Neeson movies, former CIA agents can shoot across streets, one-handed, behind their backs, without even looking. But in the real world, it’s a long, slow, grueling process.

And it’s that very process that makes it so rewarding when you land a perfect shot or nail a target just right.

The reason we tell you this is that switching from short-range to long-range will likely be difficult at first. In the case of the infamous ‘riding a bike’ example, you’re going from riding a plain old bike to switching to one with gears and handbrakes and the works.

You will likely have trouble at first, with hitting targets on cue and with controlling every aspect of your shot. With practice and intense discipline, however, very soon you’ll be making shots across football fields.

Even more so than at short range, expect your mind to clear when shooting at a long range. Experienced shooters report the world slipping away after a certain while until there is nothing left beside themselves, their rifles, and the target. Embrace this, lose yourself in your targeted discipline, and you will naturally see gradual progress in your long-range shooting technique.

Home Base

One key area to start is where you’re shooting from. Most long-range shooters are lying down on their bellies, so we’ll work from that assumption, but other factors come into play.

The ground you’re lying on needs to be solid, even or consistent, and able to hold you for long periods of time. If any of those factors aren’t met, you’ll have a rougher time when it comes to shooting (trust us).

You’re likely going to be lying down on the ground for hours at a time, to ensure that you’re at least a little comfortable where you are.

If the ground is swampy or marshy, for example, you’ll have a rougher time as you sink deeper over time – not to mention the cleaning conditions and elevation levels.

Meanwhile, if you’re on solid ground but it’s uneven or inconsistent, you’ll get frustrated and sore way before you land that perfect shot.

Ideally, you’ll be on the flat, elevated ground, with a sturdy base to ensure you’re shooting from the best possible spot. An afternoon of long-range shooting tends to leave you sore anyways; might as well minimize the unnecessary pain to your torso and body as much as possible, right?

Frozen Solid

One of the hardest things for newer shooters to fully grasp, at both the short-range and long-range level, is that you must remain still. Fully still. As in, stiller than you have ever been.

Clearly, this will already be easier for experienced shooters than someone who has never held a gun in their life. We’re back to the riding a bike example; on the learning curve, some things carry over. But even for people with a lot of shooting experience, it will not be easy to master the stillness needed for long-range shooting.

See, the farther the distance at which you’re shooting, the more important a lack of movement becomes. Up close, some swaying or breathing-related moving is nothing to cry about, as the target will likely still be hit in some form due to basic math.

That all changes as you up your distance. At two, three hundred yards, any sort of breathing, even controlled, will mess up a shot to the extent that you may actually miss. At five hundred, you’ll be lucky if the shot comes within spitting distance of the target.

One useful practice exercise to manage your shooting position and breathing techniques is to simply practice lying down and getting in the mindset. Get your rifle in the grip you want it, employing any bipods, tripods, or other stands if need be, and assume the position you will take when shooting. From there, acclimate to the feeling of the rifle in your shoulder, to the sight of the target through the scope.

Once you can do this all and it feels natural, you will be all the readier to begin shooting.

Nature’s fickle side

We have all seen the snipers in the military, or at least the snipers in the military of the movies. Their spotter is beside them, reading out various factors they need to take into account, while the stony-faced sniper does mental calculations to get their shot just right.

In reality, chances are you’re not going to need to be doing all of this, at least not at the amateur or casual level. While at the more professional level there are definitely perks to it and even fun to be had while doing algebra on the fly in the field, at the starting level it’s largely unnecessary. In fact, even the more advanced long-range shooters of the world need not concern themselves too much with it in the modern age, as cell phone apps and other devices do all the heavy lifting for them.

That being said, some of nature’s more fickle matters do actually matter in the long-range shooting realm, no matter the shooter. At such long distances and over various terrains, the most probable headache that Mother Nature can toss you is in the form of that old familiar pain: wind.

It happens to the best of us. You get out there, you’re all set up, you get on a hot streak of hitting your target consistently, and suddenly something changes and your bullet is whizzing higher or lower or more to one side or the other.

The wind factor has changed.

While at a short-range wind is definitely a factor, its importance grows exponentially the longer the distance. So, when firing at three or four hundred meters, knowing the wind factor around you (or to/around your target) will be vital, or else you risk spending a very frustrating afternoon missing shots.

Scope Considerations

Finally, there’s arguably the most important step when transitioning from short-range to long-range shooting: the scope.

There are many factors to consider when shopping around for a long range scope. These include magnification, eye relief, reticle options, the objective lens, and lens coatings.

Magnification, the most obvious one, is the degree to which you can zoom in or out, magnifying your target in the lens. Many people go much harder in this category than they need to, but finding a magnification that works for you is pivotal, especially since once you master the 300-yard, you’ll likely be going farther and farther out from your target.

You should also keep in mind the amount of eye relief you have – this refers to the distance at which you can keep your eye from the scope while getting the clearest, best-lit image. Not only is it important on a safety level, as a powerful rifle’s shot can damage an eye that’s too close with its recoil, but it’s necessary when working out the kinks to a good shot.

Reticle options, which are rather self-explanatory, demonstrate all of the different kinds of reticles in your rifle scope, ranging from basic crosshairs to grids and even distance/angle measures. Like with magnification, find one that works to your abilities and skill level. 

Finally, there are lens-based specifications like lens coatings and an objective lens that is important to keep in mind. The former refers to various chemical treatments of the glass of the lens, in order to ensure the clearest view (and therefore the most accurate shot). Meanwhile, the latter is a measurement of the width of your lens when looking through it; you want it large enough to give you the whole picture, but not so large it becomes a nuisance.

Once you’ve found a scope that works for your specific style, try pushing it farther, by increasing your distance and hitting harder targets.

Getting Started & Getting Out There

If that all sounds well and good, then it’s time to take the first step! Getting a quality long range rifle scope, so that you can see and hit any target at the distance of your choice, will get you started, and help ensure you stay on the shooting range (or in the field) for many shots to come.




How to debone a trout and perhaps other fish


Do you have a spinning reel to catch trout? Who doesn’t love to have a grilled trout on their plates on a Saturday evening? Or perhaps a roasted piece would be equally savoring too, don’t you think? But then again, it could be quite tricky when you are up for deboning them. But fear no more, we are here to help you with tips and tricks on how to debone them, effortlessly.

Basically, there are so many ways that you can try seeing those YouTube videos or articles to debone your trout. But those are done by the chef or professionals, not by any noob. So there is a huge loophole that you can fall into if you start tying their oh-so-professional-techniques using those ultra-advanced cooking tools. You know, not everyone’s kitchen is filled with amazing (read expensive too) tools making life easy. Sigh!

But you must have a knife, don’t you? I’m not talking about those you use to cut fruits; because they are so blunt for cutting fish or meaty fillets. You need to have a Filleting Knife when you are deboning a trout for those finest precise cuts. However, if you want to cook the whole fish, then a butcher knife would do, but that’s not the case today. We are up for something good, something meaty yet fishy.

Now wear your cooking gloves and start by cutting the neck of the fish at the groove. Hold your knife at an angle towards the head, so that you can preserve as much fish fillet as possible. The filleting knife would give you more economical and neat cuts here.

Once you have parted the head, the next step is to cut the fillet from the upper part of the middle bone. Place the fish horizontally in a way that its belly remains on the opposite side. Make a small cut now along the middle bone where you just removed the head. This will give you a hint where the bone is. Now pierce through the fillet towards the end of the fish (the middle bone will guide you to be just above the bone) using the knife. When you reached the tail finish the cut by slicing it away from the fish; you will now have one fresh deboned trout fillet. 

Similarly to get the second fillet, flip the fish over. Repeat the procedures by starting from the head and slicing down smoothly over the middle bone, until you reach the tail. Cut this slice too to get the clean, meaty trout fillet. 

The next step involves removing the pin bones. Place the fillet side up and skin side down. Start scraping the fillet with a knife and then pick on bones as you find.  You can also flex the fillet to expose the bones that are lodged deep in it. Of course, you don’t want to get them in your neck when you are having a good night dinner with your loved ones. Removing the bones is a crucial step when you want to make a grill of it. But no worries, you don’t have to remove all the possible tiny bones out of the fillet – that would be way too time-consuming. And one or two tiny bones in the fish don’t hurt when you roast them well. 

Once you got rid of the bones, the next task is to skin the fillet. Press the fillet with your left hand so that it doesn’t move and take hold of the filleting knife in your right hand. Place the knife along the bottom edge of the skin, and start slicing over the skin till the end while lightly tugging the skin in the opposite way. You would end up with a perfectly clean deboned, skinned trout fillet ready to get into your griller or oven.

Now the same procedures can be done by using a kitchen scissor as well. Scissor is essential when you are planning to serve the whole trout fish. If keeping the fish intact is your idea and if you want to surprise your family with a new dish, use both scissors and a filleting knife to get the clean and economical cut as you would want. 

First, cut away the tail, scales, flaps, and fins of the trout using your scissors. Using the filleting knife, slice through below the head or through the upper area of the gills. This cut would help you to get through the belly so that you can debone the larger bone in the middle. 

With slower motions, slice through the fish smoothly until you reach the end (or tail) of it. Now it’s time to divide the fish in a way that keeps one side intact and another side open to losing the bone. 

Now, with a bit of pressure, release the middle bone and extract it from the flesh. When you reach the end as you are slowly extracting the bone, pull it apart from the tail. In this way, the ribcage will also come out along with the bone. But you have to be gentle while pulling, otherwise, it may cause tearing and the fish may fail to remain intact. 

When you have removed both the ribcage and bones from the middle, you are now left with a fish with small pin bones. Scrap along the knife over the fish to find them, or simply flex or bend them to reveal those tiny bones, which you extract with hands. 

And there you go; an intact trout with no bones in. 

So yeah…as you have seen, deboning a trout is not a big deal when you have a good pair of scissors and knife. I suggest you buying any sharp filleting or boning knife to get the work done.

Plus, while you are making your fish, DON’T  HURRY! I know it can be nerve-wracking while you are doing it for the first time. But pushing it or hurrying things will only lead you to a messy dish, a dish that you don’t want to see after all the hard work that you have put on to it. 

So, be humble and have your patience with the fish. The result will be worth it!







The most important gear to bring on a camping trip 


Camping is a highly personal experience, and every outdoor adventurer brings to it his or her own strengths, weaknesses, needs and desires. This means that you will probably want to bring along a different set of items than your buddy when heading out on your next trip. For example, you may want to bring along your camera, while your companion would prefer to bring a book. But your equipment list won’t differ entirely from that of your partners — there are a half-dozen or so things that every camper will need to bring. There are also a few items that are necessary for the group but needn’t be carried by every individual member of the party.

We’ll cover both types of equipment below – those things that should appear in every camper’s pack, and those things which should be divvied up between the members of the group.

What Supplies Should I Bring Camping?

For the most part, you’ll need these things no matter where you are heading or how long your trip is scheduled to last. Because you’ll use these items on each and every trip, it is always wise to prioritize these things when allotting your camping-gear budget.

Sleeping Bag

A sleeping bag or camping blanket will keep you warm while you’re sleeping out in the elements, and they’ll cushion your body a little bit too. Most campers elect to bring a sleeping pad too, but this is not absolutely necessary, particularly if you are the type that can sleep anywhere.

Most campers will also be using a tent, but extreme campers may prefer using an enclosed or bivvy-style bag, which will protect you from rain and snow. These are rarely as fun for recreational campers, but they can actually keep you warmer than a traditional tent in extreme conditions, and they obviously help you free up pack space and eliminate a lot of weight.

Water Bottle

Decades ago, camping websites books would list a canteen among the items every camper must bring, but in the 21st century, campers have a number of better options. Canteens make water taste kind of funky and they have narrow mouths, which limits their flexibility. You can’t, for example, cook soup in them very easily.

Instead, most modern campers bring along a wide-mouthed plastic bottle. Often called “Nalgene bottles,” because they were originally produced by a company of the same name, these bottles are now made by a variety of manufacturers. There are differences between the various models, so be sure to think carefully about your choice and be a discriminating buyer.


Every camper should have a flashlight on his or her person. Flashlights are not only imperative for safety reasons, but they’re also good for your sanity – sharing a flashlight is no fun at all. Try to select a small, lightweight flashlight that has an easy-to-activate switch, fits comfortably in your hand and pumps out plenty of lumens.

Some campers like to bring along a headlamp, but you’d be wise to bring a flashlight too, as they excel in a variety of ways that headlamps do not. For example, it can be difficult to hold a headlamp steady for a lengthy period of time.


A good multitool is one of the most important things in any camper’s pack. They are the Swiss army knives of modern outdoor enthusiasts. Multitools give you a way to carry several different tools in one convenient and relatively light package.

Even the simplest of multitools will usually feature pliers, screwdrivers, scissors and a knife blade, while the more elaborate models will include everything but the kitchen sink. As with almost every other camping-gear decision, you’ll have to balance the competing forces of weight and luxury, so consider your needs carefully when making your choice.

Survival Kit

A small survival kit should be one of the first things every camper packs before a trip. It should contain the essential items you’d need to survive, should a worst-case scenario unfold during your trip. Some campers prefer to purchase commercially assembled survival kits while others prefer to create their own custom survival kit themselves. Either approach is fine, as long as you are sure to include everything you need. Check out our guide to making your own survival kit, if you are so inclined.

Items Every Camping Party Needs

In addition to the things each individual needs, each camping party needs several items that can be shared among the members. Obviously, if you are camping alone you’ll have to carry each of these items yourself, while large parties will be able to spread the weight of these items among the members.


Tents are shared by two campers, but large tents can accommodate up to 5 or 6 people. This means that you’ll have to adjust the number of tents in your group to match your space needs.

Note that it is not necessary for any one person to carry the entire tent, as you could split it up into its component pieces if you like. This way, you could carry the rainfly and poles, while your companion carries the main tent shell.

Water Purifier

You should never drink untreated water while camping, as even the purest of mountain streams can carry a variety of nasty pathogens. Just a sip from the wrong creek could ruin your trip and have you heading to the emergency room. There are a variety of ways to treat water, but most campers will find that a water purifier is the most convenient and effective solution.

You’ll probably want to bring a purifier for every two members of your group. Aside from the redundancy benefits of multiple units, they’ll save you time too — it can take a while to pump a single liter of water, and time always seems to move slower when you’re thirsty.


Camp Stove

You can cook on an open fire, but this is usually a lot more trouble than it’s worth. Additionally, campfires are prohibited in many locations, particularly west of the Rockies, where wildfires are a perpetual threat. This means that you’ll want to bring along a camp stove whenever you go camping.

You’ll also need to bring along fuel too, and this will typically take up more space than the actual stove. As with water purifiers and tents, you’ll probably want to bring along one stove for every two campers. This will make it much easier to cook larger quantities of food than a single stove would.

First Aid Kit

While some campers will choose to include a few basic first-aid supplies in their survival kit, every camping party should have a well-stocked first-aid kit. Although you can certainly pack as much as space permits, the following items should be considered mandatory:

·       An assortment of bandages

·       Gauze

·       Tape

·       Tweezers

·       Benadryl

·       Aspirin

·       Ibuprofen

·       Topical pain-relieving lotion or gel

·       Antidiarrheal medication

·       Antacid

·       Antiseptic wipes

·       Triple antibiotic ointment or cream

·       Moleskin

Additionally, you’ll want to bring along any prescription medications you’ll need during the trip. Make sure to pack your first-aid items in a good carrying case to keep everything together and organized. If possible, select a brightly colored bag, so it is easy to find in an emergency. A first-aid kit can be used for several people; you’ll just need to adjust the quantities packed to reflect the size of the group.

Mess Kit

Every camping party needs a mess kit so that you can prepare, cook and serve food. A typical kit would be comprised of two sets of minimal flatware, a couple of pots or pans, two cups and two plates. However, there are plenty of variations on the theme and plenty of options in the marketplace. Mess kits aren’t really life-or-death equipment, so you can pack like a minimalist or a gourmet chef, depending on your desires. You may consider a mess kit an individual item, or you may try to get away with a single mess kit for four people – either way will work.

It’s also important to consider the type of food you’ll be making when planning out your mess kit. Many commercial camping foods can be prepared in and eaten from the bag, which will eliminate the need for individual plates. But on the other hand, you’ll need plenty of pans and individual plates if you want to make pancakes and bacon for breakfast.


If your camping party is to have any chance of reaching its intended destination, you’ll need a good map to help you get there. A good map is even useful when you are hiking along well-marked trails, as it will allow you to determine how far you’ve traveled (and more importantly, how much farther you’ll have to travel to reach the campsite).

Digital maps – such as those displayed on your phone or tablet – are an intriguing option for modern campers, as they can provide a wealth of information that isn’t provided by paper maps. They also provide value from a safety context, as you can use your phone to contact help in an emergency.

However, digital devices present problems too. They are much heavier than a paper map is, and they are dependent on a good signal – something that is rare in the wilderness. Accordingly, it is probably wise to bring a paper map along too, as a backup.

Your Pack; Your Gear; Your Decisions

Every camping trip is different, so you may need to tweak this equipment list to account for the local terrain, wildlife, climate or laws of your destination. Accordingly, no list – including the one above – should be considered exhaustive and foolproof. You must always plan your trip carefully to ensure you have a good time and remain safe while enjoying the great outdoors.

However, the items listed above do represent the primary supplies and tools that you’ll need to ensure most of the memories you’ll make will bring a smile to your face. Additionally, some campers are willing to endure rougher conditions than others. We compiled this list for the “typical” camper, who wants a reasonable amount of comfort during the outing. Ultralight campers and survival-minded minimalists may scoff at a tent, but the typical weekend camper will likely have a much better time if sheltered from the elements.

Conversely, car campers and those for whom camping must include access to bathrooms and showers will probably want to double or triple the length of this list. And as long as you’re driving up to your campsite, there’s nothing wrong with that at all. Did we leave anything out that you consider being critical for camping? We’d love to hear your thoughts on the issue. Let us know what other items you always pack – whether they are personal or group needs.


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